a = Shallow, b = Middling, c = Deep
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1a) Common cuttlefish
1b) Its a courting male
1c) Sea grapes
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2a) Scampi
2b) In burrows in soft mud in deep water
2c) Dublin Bay prawn, Norway lobster, langoustine
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3a) Brittle stars
3b) Plankton and suspended particles
3c) 10,000
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4a) A starfish
4b) The spiny starfish (Marthasterias glacialis)
4c) Removing free-loaders
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5a) Plumose anemone
5b) Orange, green or brown
5c) Pieces break off to form new anemones, a type of asexual reproduction or budding
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6a) A sea slug
6b) Both!
6c) Sea lemon (Archidoris pseudoargus)
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7a) No!
7b) The bryozoans - also called sea mosses even though they are animals! This is hornwrack
7c) Lemon
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8a) A sponge
8b) Filter feeds
8c) Bores into rock (a boring sponge!)
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9a) You would get a powerful sting!
9b) A lesser weever
9c) Soak the affected body part in water as hot as you can take
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10a) A dog-whelk
10b) Barnacles and mussels, by drilling into their shells
10c) Females grow male sexual organs and become sterile
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11a) The wrasse (corkwing)
11b) Its a courting male
11c) Building a nest
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12a) Coral
12b) Sea pen
12c) It can produce pulses of light
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13a) Its re-growing from a single arm
13b) Common starfish (Asterias rubens)
13c) The inlet to its hydraulic system (madreporite)
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14a) Thornback ray
14b) The (now inappropriately named) common skate
14c) They breathe in through holes on the top of their head (spiracles)
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15a) No, theyre in a pre-mating embrace
15b) Just after she has moulted her armour
15c) Omnivore
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16a) A worm (flatworm to be precise)
16b) Candy stripe flatworm
16c) Tape worms, liver flukes etc.
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17a) Blenny
17b) Shanny, very shallow water or even out of the water
17c) Almost black (with white lips)
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18a) Sea squirts
18b) Lightbulb sea squirts
18c) They have a very basic dorsal chord, the forerunner of the backbone in more advanced animals
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19a) Yes!
19b) Lions mane
19c) Young whiting, or other members of the cod family
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20a) Conger eel
20b) Conger conger
20c) Deep water in the mid-Atlantic
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Give yourself 1 point for every correct Shallow answer, 2 points for a Middling and 3 points per Deep answer, for a possible 120 points.
If you got fewer than 10 points youre barely paddling, but if you got most of the Shallow answers and perhaps a number of the others right, anywhere between 20 and 40 points shows that youre reasonably sound when it comes to basic UK marine life ID.
If you got 50-80, people will say of you that youre deep - you know your stuff. They may want you as a buddy. And if you got anything over 90, youre probably a marine biologist.
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